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Golden Retriever Dog Breed

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The Golden Retriever originated in the early 19th century. It was developed after a long line of breeding from the Newfoundland, Tweed water spaniels and the Irish setter. The ultimate goal was to develop a breed of hunting dog that was big enough and had the endurance to hunt and retrieve a large number of game birds at a time. The Golden Retriever became quite popular with British nobility not only for its hunting and retrieving abilities, but because it was such a great companion. It is an excellent bird dog, and considered to excel in both land and water retrieval. The breeds is so eager to please that it also makes an excellent search and rescue dog.

Physical Characteristics

The Golden Retriever is a large dog with a broad head and drop ears. The tail is otter-like, thick at the base then tapering at the end.


The Golden Retriever is most commonly seen in several shades of gold.


The coat of the Golden Retriever is medium to long and usually wavy. There are feathers on the underbody, legs, feet, tails and ears.

Personality and Temperament


Moderate to High


The Golden Retriever is the quintessential family dog. It is very loving and loyal to the family and enjoys playing games and socializing with people. The Golden Retriever loves children and is great with other animals.


Something to know about Golden Retrievers is they need and ask for a lot of attention! They don’t make for a great watchdog, as it will typically only bark at a stranger to say “hello.”



The Golden Retriever fares well in the city or country.


The Golden Retriever needs daily exercise and should be brushed weekly to avoid shedding.


The following conditions are commonly seen in Golden Retrievers:

  • Hip Dysplasia
  • Hot Spots
  • Cataracts
  • History and Background

Lord Tweedmouth, often credited for the development of the Golden Retriever, lived along the Tweed River, north of the Scottish border, during the mid-19th century. There were already many retriever breeds used for hunting fowl and other game, but seeing further potential in the dogs, he sought to create a new breed which could combat the adverse conditions of the area.

To accomplish this, he crossed a Wavy-Coated Retriever with a Tweed Water Spaniel. The result was four puppies with excellent bird-hunting abilities. Later, the yellow Wavy-Coated Retriever was cross-bred with Bloodhounds, black retrievers, setters, and Tweed Spaniels. This crossbreeding produced dogs with similar characteristics but with a distinct yellow flat coat. Some of these dogs entered the United States in the early 1900s with Lord Tweedmouth’s sons, and in 1912, they were formally recognized as the Golden (or Yellow) Retriever. This breed has since gained much popularity in America.

The American Kennel Club recognized the breed in 1927, and it remains one of the most popular dog breeds in the United States today.

Golden Retriever dog breed

By: Chewy Editorial